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General Resources

  • Innovations for Seniors: Public and Community Transit Services Respond to Special Needs (PDF)
    The report introduces a variety of innovations that public and community transit services have made to improve their service delivery to older persons. It is based on the survey of community and public transit providers that the Beverly Foundation and CTAA conducted in 2003.
  • Work with Your Workforce Investment Board to Coordinate Transportation by Matt Baker (PDF)
    Kansas TransReporter, October 2010
    This article is written for job-seekers of all ages, but staff working with unemployed older persons, especially those for whom lack of transportation is a barrier to employment or job skills training will find it valuable.
  • Transportation Innovations for Seniors: A Report from Rural America (PDF) (8.4 MB)
    The study was a partnership project of the Beverly Foundation and CTAA, and was partially funded through the Community Transportation Action Project (CTAP), Office of Intergovernmental Affairs, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the Rural Transit Assistance Program (RTAP), Federal Transit Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
  • Delivering Community Transportation Services: A Report on the Roles, Responsibilities, and Contributions of Paid Drivers (PDF) (385 KB)
    Prepared by the Beverly Foundation and the Community Transportation Association (January 2009) (28 pages)
    This report provides information about the roles, responsibilities, challenges, and contributions of paid drivers; examples of what they do to meet the transportation needs of older adults; and data on transportation services and programs that employ them. The report is based on the responses of 76 community transportation services that pay drivers to provide transportation.
  • Transportation for Persons with Limited English Proficiency (PDF)(563 KB)
    CTAA Publication
    This is a guide for implementing the provisions of FTA Circular 4702.1A. The guide covers service for persons with limited English proficiency including examples of useful practices.
  • Survey shows Americans prefer to spend more on mass transit and highway maintenance, less on new roads
    Three-fourths of Americans believe that being smarter about development and improving transportation are better long-term solutions than building roads according to a survey sponsored by the National Association of Realtors and Smart Growth America.
  • RAND Study on Older Drivers Underscores Need for More Mobility Options
    A recent RAND Corporation study, Estimating the Accident Risk of Older Drivers by David S. Loughran and Seth A. Seabury found that older drivers are "relatively" safe drivers because they don't drive in conditions they recognize they cannot handle and because many older drivers give up their cars. The point is that communities are going to need more mobility options for all the older people who cut back or stop driving altogether if they are to continue living independently.
  • Creating Livable Counties for All Ages: Increasing Transportation and Mobility Options
    This report is filled with valuable ideas, information, and resources.
    It is one of seven reports prepared by the Aging in Place Initiative sponsored by Partners for Livable Communities and the National Association of Area Agencies on Aging. Each report addresses a different aspect of Aging in Place.
  • Innovations for Seniors: Public and Community Transit Services Respond to Special Needs (PDF): The report introduces a variety of innovations that public and community transit services have made to improve their service delivery to older persons. It is based on the survey of community and public transit providers that the Beverly Foundation and CTAA conducted in 2003.
  • Transportation Options Booklet: The Beverly Foundation in collaboration with Easter Seals has produced a customizable electronic template (sometimes referred to as a drop in the facts CD) that can be used in identifying transportation options that are available to seniors in the typical community. The template provides a framework from which to inventory and assess existing transportation options, gaps, and needs, which can be organized into a community-based transportation options booklet.
  • TCRP Report 82 -- Improving Public Transit Options for Older Persons: Two volumes by Jon E. Burkhardt, Adam T. McGavock, Westat, and Charles A. Nelson, Creative Action, Inc., and Christopher G. B. Mitchell (on the second volume). This report describes exemplary transportation services and innovative transportation alternatives designed to enable older persons to maintain independence. It is an excellent resource for anyone interested in improving public and community transportation for older persons.
  • Caregiver Transportation Toolkit (PDF): An informational booklet and a list of helpful products and resources for family caregivers and volunteer drivers of older adults with cognitive and/or physical impairments. The material is focused mainly on drivers who use their own vehicles to provide transportation for their loved ones, but it can be helpful to any drivers of older passengers with impairments.
  • AARP Bookshelf
    The CTAA resources page for AARP volunteers. This section provided the latest Community Transportation publications related to the AARP and its volunteers.
  • Mobility Solutions for Older Americans Today And the Opportunities for Tomorrow
    This 2005 issue of Community Transportation magazine provides an overview of current trends in transportation for the elderly. It includes an overview of the transportation issues addressed by the 2005 White House Conference on Aging, descriptions of successful senior travel training programs, and recommendations for emergency preparedness for older people.
  • The Gathering Storm
    This issue of Community Transportation magazine from 2002 emphasizes the growing need to include transportation issues in discussions of challenges facing seniors and the communities in which they live. This issue focuses on senior transportation in the contexts of rural America, coordination, and legislative and policy issues.
  • Senior Transportation Toolkit and Best Practices (PDF) (1.02 MB)
    The CTAA Senior Toolkit is a technical assistance manual that provides insight into the varied transportation needs of older people, how community and public transportation providers are meeting those needs, and means and resources for improving and creating senior transportation services.
  • Aging Americans: Stranded Without Options (PDF)(720 KB)
    Written by Linda Bailey of the Surface Transportation Policy Project, this report documents the finding of the 2001 National Household Transportation Survey that more than one in five Americans aged 65 and older do not drive, and this decreases their ability to participate in their communities and the economy. Bailey discusses both the isolation of older people without transportation options and highlights their willingness to use public transportation when it is available to them, demonstrating the inextricable connection of public transit to liveable communities.
  • Beyond 50 (PDF)(4.98 MB)
    This first issue of the AARP Beyond 50 report series by John Gist, Carlos Figueiredo, and Mitja Ng-Baumhackl addresses the economic status of Americans aged 50 and older. It includes one of the first arguments for the Four Pillars of an economically secure retirement replacing the traditional Three-Legged Stool.
  • Why Survive? Being Old in America
    In his 1975 book, Robert N. Butler, M.D. describes the experience of aging in America. Although some of the information within is now dated, its discussion of issues like ageism and policy recommendations make it a classic work in the study of the social aspects of aging. This seminal study won the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for non-fiction. Robert N. Butler, M.D. is the President and CEO of the International Longevity Center-USA, which can be contacted at info@ilcusa.org for more information.
  • Driving Life Expectancy of Persons Aged 70 years and Older in the United States (PDF)(120 KB)
    This article by Daniel J. Foley and others from the American Journal on Public Health, August 2002 compares the statistical data regarding life expectancy and driving life expectancy in the United States, demonstrating that most Americans can expect to live for 4 to 10 more years after they stop driving.
  • Transportation for Disadvantaged Seniors -- Efforts to Enhance Senior Mobility Could Benefit from Additional Guidance and Information (PDF)(1.26 MB)
    This report, prepared in response to a request from the Senate Special Committee on Aging, looks at the five principal federally-funded transportation programs for older adults. Although it is not a study of coordination, its findings and recommendations support the need for improved coordination.
  • Supplemental Transportation Programs for Seniors (PDf)(1.05 MB)
    This 2001 study by The Beverly Foundation is based on data gathered from 236 supplemental transportation providers (STPs). It presents one-page profiles of eleven STPs, program reviews of five, and detailed case reviews of six. It introduces the criteria of the Five A's (Availability, Acceptability, Accessibility, Affordability, Adaptability) for its evaluations of the STPs, and these criteria have become generally accepted standards in the field.
  • The Impact of Federal Programs on Transportation for Older Adults (PDF)(212 KB)
    This 2004 AARP Public Policy Institute Issue Paper by David Koffman and Richard Weiner with David Raphael describes those federal programs that directly affect the community mobility of the elderly and provides policy recommendations.
  • Safe Mobility for a Maturing Society: Challenges and Opportunities (PDF)(298 KB)
    This 2003 analysis of the mobility needs of older Americans and communities' capacity to meet them puts forward a vision for the future of transportation with the goal of providing safe mobility for life. Its recommendations for achieving this include offering better, easier-to-use public transportation services and targeted state and local action plans.

Emergency/Disaster Preparedness

  • Emergency Preparedness for Older People (PDF) (36 KB)
    Following the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, older people and persons with disabilities living near the disaster area were trapped for days before being rescued. In response, the International Longevity Center-USA contacted local and citywide organizations that serve older people to find out how they had dealt with the emergency and to discover what resources were available to aid vulnerable sectors of the city in the event of a future emergency. The information gained from these interviews formed the basis for a coordinated plan of action that utilizes emergency and social service networks to provide rapid and comprehensive assistance.
  • TCRP Report 150, Communication with Vulnerable Populations: A Transportation and Emergency Management Toolkit (PDF)
    by Deborah Matherly, Jane Mobley, Beverly Ward, Bill Benson, Nancy Aldrich, and others
    A guide on how to create a communication process to reach vulnerable populations.
  • Review of Transportation of Disadvantaged Populations During Emergencies
    The U.S. Government Accountability Office has released a report that assesses the challenges and barriers state and local officials face in integrating the transportation of disadvantaged populations into their disaster planning efforts.
  • Challenge of Evacuating the Carless in Five Major U.S. Cities
    by John L Renne, Ph.D, AICP, Thomas W. Sanchez, Ph.D, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol 2119/2009
    The article is based on stakeholder focus groups in five U.S. regions and concludes with a discussion of overall themes emerging from the discussions around coordinating preparedness at a regional scale.
  • National Study on Carless and Special Needs Evacuation Planning, A Literature Review (PDF)
    John Renne, Thomas Sanchez, and Todd Litman funded by the Federal Transit Administration, produced by the University of New Orleans Transportation Center
    The objective of this stud is how state departments of transportation, municipal planning organizations, transit agencies, and local governments are considering, in the context of emergency planning, the unique needs of carless households including, among others, older adults and persons with disabilities.

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