The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability (HIPAA) Rule's Affect on Rural Transit Agencies (Fall 2006) (PDF) (963 KB)
In 2003, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability privacy rule (HIPAA) established uniform privacy protections over patients' health information. HIPAA is the result of Congress' attempt to standardize and protect the privacy of individual health care records as technology allowed increased access to and sharing of medical and financial records within our healthcare system via electronic transmissions.
While HIPAA's privacy rule has been in existence for several years, many rural transit providers still struggle to understand their role within the HIPAA regulations. Providers of non-emergency medical transportation especially question how HIPAA applies to their service.
HHS's Office of Civil Rights provides in-depth information on HIPAA http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/hipaa/.